and the Families of

Gravure, Castle at Foix (Ariège), France
Town and Castle of Foix

Captal de Buch (later Buché) was an archaic feudal title in Gascony: captal, from Latin capitalis meaning "prime, chief" in the formula capitales domini, or "principal lords".

Buch was a strategically located town and port on the Atlantic, in the bay of Arcachon.

As an actual title, the word "captal" was used only by the seigneurs of Trene, Puychagut, Épernon and Buch.

The title of captal de Buch then passed into the Grailly family, a line of fighting seigneurs with origins in Savoy. The most famous was Jean III de Grailly, captal de Buch.


PIERRE, the seigneur of Grailly, vicomte de Benauges et de Castillon, 1st Captal de Buch, was born about 1285.

Pierre married, first, on 1 January 1307, Asalide de Bordeaux, the daughter and heiress of Pierre-Amanieu de Bordeaux, Captal de Buch. Their grandson, Jean III de Grailly, was the most famous de Grailly.

Captal de Buche, Count of Bigorre

JEAN III DE GRAILLY, Captal de Buch and comte de Bigorre, was a military leader in the Hundred Years' War. He was a cousin of Gaston Phoebus, the Count of Foix (see below).link

He married Rose d’Albret on 27 November 1350.

Jean III de Grailly led an illustrious life, always loyal to his Gascon heritage. He was viewed by the chronicler, Froissart, as the ideal of 14th-century chivalry. An example:

When he was captured he demanded to know of his captor if he was of gentle birth as he would rather die than surrender to one who was not.

Jean de Grailly was viewed by Froissart as the ideal of 14th-century chivalry. When he was captured he demanded to know of his captor if he was of gentle birth as he would rather die than surrender to one who was not. Jean served under Edward III and Prince Edward (“the Black Prince”), and was made Count of Bigorre by Edward III in 1339.

Sir Jean de Grailly, Book of the Knights of the Garter
Sir Jean III de Grailly, portrait in the
Book of the Knights of the Garter

He was a founding member of England’s Knights of the Garter, being the 4th Knight in 1348. His portrait is in Stall 5.

Jean took part in the tournament at Woodstock, England in March 1355 and during the campaign of 1355 he led the Middleguard with Prince Edward and Oxford. On the 17 October 1355 he captured the fortress of Plaisance. They returned from campaigning and spent the winter of 1355 in Bordeaux, and started campaigning again in the first week of January 1356. Jean de Grailly led a force North East and captured the town of Périguex.

Before the battle of Poitiers he led a scouting unit and during the battle of Poitiers, Jean had decisive role as a cavalry leader under Edward, the Black Prince. Prince Edward ordered a small cavalry unit led by Jean to be held hidden at the rear as a reserve and ordered a flanking movement with the mounted force charging into the left rear of the French force. The shout which his men gave when they launched their attack was probably crucial in breaking the French morale. Although it is likely that the French still out-numbered the Anglo-Gascon force, they crumpled under the two-pronged attack, leaving King John and most of his upper nobility prisoners in Edward's hands.

On June 9 1358 Jean de Grailly and his cousin Gaston Phoebus, Count of Foix were returning from the crusades in Prussia and reached Méaux, France, where that same day 9,000 Jacques had entered the city and were trying to gain entry to the fortress called the Market of Méaux, which held the Dauphin's wife, sisters and infant daughter. Neither Jean or Gaston were friends of the Valois, but chivalry dictated they should defend the ladies, so with 40 lances (120 men) they defeated the rebels. This was the start of a slaughter of peasants suspected of being rebels.

See Cousin Gaston Phoebus, below.

Prince Edward encouraged Jean to take the position of Lieutenant to Carlos King of Navarre and king Jean of France sent Dugesclin who at the time was leading Breton mercenaries to attack Carlos and on 16 May 1364 at the battle of Cocherel, he was defeated and taken prisoner by Bertrand du Guesclin whilst ravaging the country between Paris and Rouen. He was released in 1365, and received the Lordship of Nemours, which had been raised to a countship in 1364 (the town and Countship of Nemours is about forty miles south south-west of Paris), and took the oath of fealty to the French king, Charles V, but soon resigned his new fief and returned to his allegiance to the English king. In 1367 Jean took part in the Spanish expedition of Prince Edward and he led the English right wing at the battle of Najera, in which Du Guesclin was taken prisoner, and Jean was given the task of looking after him.

In 1371 Jean de Grailly was made Constable of Aquitaine.

Siege of La Soubise

Froissart gives an account of the Captal de Buch's chivalry and courage at the time of the peasant uprising in 1358 called the Jacquerie.

In 1372 the French were sieging the castle of La Soubise with 300 men but were surprised by a Gascon force led by Jean who raised the siege.

Owain Llewelyn ap Gryffud of Wales who fought for the French led 400 men up the estuary of the river Charente by barge and surprised the Gascons in a night attack. The Castle of La Soubise fell and Jean was captured by the French and was imprisoned at the Tower of the Temple in Paris.

Upon his capture Jean is reported to have said, 'Ah Guienne, you are truly lost'. Enguerrand de Coucy petitioned Charles V for his release but the king would not release him until he promised never to raise arms against France - Jean refused, so stayed prisoner. Suffering from depression and not wanting to eat or drink, he sunk into a coma and died in 1376. This also showed a new tactic by the French king, to not ransom those who could later cause him trouble.

Since Jean left no heirs, his uncle, Archambaud, Count of Foix and of Bigorre took the title Captal de Buch, which passed to his descendents, the Counts of Foix.

The above account of his life is compliments of The Medieval Combat Society.


Pierre married, second, ROSEMBURGE DE PÉRIGORD, the daughter of Elias de Talleyrand, comte de Périgord. Pierre died about 1356; and Rosemburge died about 1357.


  1. ARCHAMBAUD, comte de Foix et de Bigorre, Captal de Buch, etc. He married on 20 August 1380, comtesse ISABELLE DE FOIX. All descendants took the name “de Foix”.


The Early Counts of Foix

Gravure, Castle at Foix (Ariège) France
The Ancient Town and Castle of Foix,
Department of Ariège, France

The counts of Foix flourished from the 11th to the 15th century. They were at first feudatories of the counts of Toulouse, but after the latter's defeat in the Cathar Crusade they succeeded in establishing their direct vassalage to the king of France.

During the 13th and 14th centuries the counts of Foix figured among the most powerful of the French feudal nobles. Living on the borders of France, having constant interaction with the kingdom of Navarre, and in frequent communication with England through Gascony and Aquitaine, they were in a favorable position to assert independence, and acted more like equals to, rather than the dependents of, the kings of France.

Some generations follow:

Roger I de Cominges, Count of Carcassonne, de Couserans et de Razés.

Bernard Roger of Couserans.

Roger, Count of Foix (died ca. 1064) inherited the town of Foix and the adjoining lands, which had previously formed part of the county of Carcassonne.
Roger II of Foix, took part in the First Crusade in 1095 (d. 1125).

Roger III de Foix.

Roger Bernard I de Foix.

Raymond Roger, accompanied the French king, Philip Augustus, to Palestine in 1190 and distinguished himself at the capture of Acre. He was afterwards engaged in the Albigensian Crusade defending the Cathars, and, on being accused of heresy, his lands were given to Simon IV de Montfort (Wikipeida). Raymond Roger came to terms with the Church and recovered his estates before his death in 1223. He was a patron of the troubadours and a troubadour himself.

Roger Bernard II the Great (d. 1241), assisted the Count of Toulouse and the Cathars in their resistance to the French kings, Louis VIII and Louis IX. He was excommunicated on two occasions.

Roger IV died in 1265.

Roger Bernard III who, more famous as a poet than as a warrior, was taken prisoner both by Philip III of France and by Peter III of Aragon. He married Marguerite, daughter and heiress of Gaston VII, Viscount of Béarn, and he inherited Béarn and Nébouzan from his father-in-law in 1290, which led to the outbreak of a long feud between the Houses of Foix and Armagnac.


Gaston I became count in 1302, inheriting both Foix and Béarn. The feud continued with Gaston I. Becoming embroiled with the French king, Philip IV, in consequence of the struggle with the count of Armagnac, Gaston was imprisoned in Paris. He regained his freedom and accompanied King Louis X on an expedition into Flanders in 1315, and died on his return to France in the same year.

Gaston II, the eldest son, made peace with the house of Armagnac and took part in wars both in France and Spain, dying at Seville in 1343.

Gaston Phoebus

Gaston III, called Phoebus (1331-1391), the Latin version of Apollo, on account of his beauty, was the most famous member of the House of Foix-Béarn. Like his father he assisted France in her struggle against England, being entrusted with the defence of the frontiers of Gascony.

When French King John II favoured the count of Armagnac, Gaston left his service and went on crusade to fight the pagans of Prussia. Returning to France around 1357, he delivered some noble ladies from the attacks of the adherents of the Jacquerie at Méaux, and was soon at war with the count of Armagnac.

During this struggle he also attacked the count of Poitiers, the royal representative in Languedoc, but owing to the intervention of Pope Innocent VI he made peace with the count in 1360. Gaston, however, continued to fight against the count of Armagnac, who, in 1362, was defeated and compelled to pay a ransom. This war lasted until 1377.

Early in 1380, the count was appointed Governor of Languedoc, but when Charles VI succeeded Charles V as king later in the same year, this appointment was cancelled. Refusing, however, to heed the royal command, and supported by the communes of Languedoc, Gaston fought for about two years against John, duke of Berry, who had been chosen as his successor.

When he was bested in the combat, he abandoned the struggle and retired to his estates, remaining neutral and independent. He then resided in Orthez, the capital of Béarn. In 1348 Gaston III married Agnes, daughter of Philip, Count of Evreux (d. 1343) and Jeanne II, Queen of Navarre. He divorced Agnes in 1373.

Gaston was very fond of hunting, but was not without a taste for art and literature. Several beautiful manuscripts are in existence which were executed by his orders, and he himself wrote a treatise on hunting, the Livre de chasse, known in English as The Hunting Book. Froissart, who gives a graphic description of his court and his manner of life at Orthez in Béarn, speaks enthusiastically of Gaston, saying: "I never saw one like him of personage, nor of so fair form, nor so well made, and again, in everything he was so perfect that he cannot be praised too much".

Left without legitimate sons, Gaston de Foix was persuaded to bequeath his lands to King Charles VI, who thus obtained Foix and Béarn when the count died at Orthez in 1391.

Almost immediately after Gaston's death Charles granted the county of Foix to Mathieu, Viscount of Castelbon, a descendant of Count Gaston I of Foix (see above, at top of this section).


When Mathieu died without issue in 1398, his lands were seized by Archambaud, Count of Grailly and Captal de Buch, the husband of Mathieu's sister Isabelle de Foix (d. 1426). He was confirmed as legitimate Count of Foix in 1401.

All the descendants of Archambaud de Grailly and Isabelle de Foix took the name "de Foix".

This was now the beginning of The House of Foix-Grailly.


ARCHAMBAUD, comte de Foix et de Bigorre, Captal de Buch, etc. He married on 20 August 1380, comtesse ISABELLE DE FOIX.

Archambaud died on 23 February 1412. Isabelle died in 1426. All their descendants took the name “de Foix”.


  1. Jean IV de Grailly, comte de Foix, was born about 1382. Comte de Foix et de Bigorre; vicomte de Béarn and Lautrec, and Castelbon and Villemur, etc. Gouverneur du Dauphiné; then of Languedoc. Died on 4 May 1436 at Mazères.

    Jean IV marr. (1) 12 Nov 1402 Jeanne d'Evreux-Navarre, the dtr. of Charles III d’Evreux «Le Noble», king of Navarre, and Doña Léonor of Castilla; she was the heiress of Navarre. He married (2) 1422, Jeanne d’Albret, dtr. of Charles 1er, seigneur d’Albret, Connétable de France, and Marie de Sully-Craon. Lastly, he marr. Jeanne de Aragon, dtr. of de Jaime II, Comte d’Urgel, and Isabel de Aragon.

    Jean served the king of France in Guyenne and the king of Aragon in Sardinia; then became the royal representative in Languedoc, when the old quarrel between Foix and Armagnac broke out again.

    During the struggle between the Burgundian party and the Armagnacs, Jean intrigued with both, and consequently was distrusted by the Dauphin, afterwards King Charles VII. So he deserted the French cause, and allied himself with Henry V of England. When the Dauphin became king Charles VII in 1423, Jean returned to his former allegiance and became the king's representative in Languedoc and Guyenne, and assisted in suppressing the marauding bands which were devastating France. He fought for Aragon against Castile; and aided his younger brother, the Cardinal of Foix, to crush an insurgency in Aragon.

  2. GASTON I DE FOIX. He married on 19 May 1410, MARGUERITE D'ALBRET.

  3. Archambaud de Foix, Sire de Navailles; marr. about 1415, Sancha, dtr. of vicomte Bernardo IV de Cabrera. He d. 10 Sep 1419; she d. in 1474.

  4. Mathieu de Foix, comte de Comminges. He marr. (1) 16 Jul 1419, Marguerite, comtesse de Comminges. He d. after 6 Jun 1443. He marr. (2) about 1446, Catherine, b. 1431, the dtr. of Raimond Arnaud de Coarraze, Baron d’Aspet. She d. after 1453. All children were by the second marriage.

  5. Pierre de Foix was Archbishop of Arles in 1450. He took a prominent part in the struggle between the rival popes, and founded and endowed the Collège de Foix at Toulouse. He d. at Avignon 13 Dec 1464.

Gravure, Castle at Benauges (Ariège), France
Castle at Benauges (Ariège), France


GASTON I DE FOIX, Captal de Buch, comte de Benauges et de Longueville, seigneur de Grailly, Gurson, Sainte-Croix de Villagrand, Rolle et Meilles, baron de Doazit, chevalier de La Jarretière (ép. par procuration Catherine de France pour son maître Henry V) (à la débâcle anglaise en Aquitaine, il vend au comte de Foix, Gaston, son neveu et au comte de Dunois par acte 20/06/1451 pour 84.000 écus toutes ses terres de Guyenne pour se retirer à Meilles en Aragon). Please assist with translation; I have the gist of it but don't want to risk a full translation on my own.

He married about 19 May 1410, MARGUERITE D'ALBRET. She was the daughter of Arnaud-Amanieu d’Albret, vicomte de Tartas. Marguerite died in 1453; Gaston 1st de Foix died after 1455 at Meilles, Aragon.


  1. JEAN DE FOIX; born after 1410. He married, about 1440, MARGARET KERDESTON DE LA POLE, Duchess of Suffolk.

  2. Isabelle de Foix.

  3. Agnes de Foix.

Gravure, Castle at Benauges (Ariège), France
Castle at Benauges (Ariège), France


JEAN DE FOIX was born after 1410. He was made Earl of Kendal for services to England, but relinquished the title on opting for French nationality. His son, though, styled himself Comte de Candale.

He married, about 1440, MARGARET KERDESTON DE LA POLE, Duchess of Suffolk. She was born in 1426, the daughter of Thomas Kerdeston, Earl of Suffolk, and Elizabeth de la Pole. Margaret died after 5 December 1485. Jean de Foix died in 12 April 1485.


  1. GASTON II DE FOIX was born about 1441. He marr. in 1469, his cousin, CATHERINE DE FOIX.

  2. Jean de Foix-Candale; d. after 1521. He was vicomte de Meilles, Castillon, Fleix et Gurson. He marr. in 1507, Anne de Villeneuve, marquise de Trans, dtr. of Louis, 1er marquis of Trans, and the Honorade de Berre.

  3. Marguerite de Foix; marr. 1492, Lodovico II, marchese di Saluzzo.

  4. Catherine de Foix; marr. 1468, Charles 1st d’Armagnac, comte d’Armagnac, vicomte de Fézensaguet. He was the son of Jean IV and Isabelle de Navarre.

Earls of Kendal (1446)

The titles of Earl of Kendal and Duke of Kendal have been created several times, usually for people with some connection to the royal family.

The third creation was for Jean de Foix, vicomte de Castillon, who was created Earl of Kendal in 1446. He gave allegiance to the King of France in 1462, and is thereby presumed to have forfeited his English peerage in 1462. He died in 1485. His descendants in France continued to use the title under the name Candale.

* Gaston II de Foix, 2d comte de Candale (d. 1500).
* Gaston III de Foix, 3d comte de Candale (d. 1536).
* Frederic de Foix, 4th comte de Candale (d. 1571).
* Henri de Foix, 5th comte de Candale (d. 1572).
* Marguerite de Foix, 6th comtesse de Candale (1567–1593), mar. in 1587 Jean Louis de Nogaret de La Valette, 1er duc d'Épernon (1554–1642).
* Henri de Nogaret de La Valette, 7th comte de Candale (d. 1639) (created duc de Candale in 1621, which title became extinct on his death).
* Bernard de Nogaret de La Valette, 8th comte de Candale, 2nd duc d'Épernon (1592–1661) (created duc de La Valette in 1622).
* Louis Charles Gaston de Nogaret de La Valette, styled comte de Candale (1627–1658) was ceded his father's dukedom of La Valette in 1649, and was then known as duc de Candale.

Château de Candale

photo, chateau de candale 01

Château de Candale is one of the oldest estates in Médoc, owned until the French revolution by the Foix de Candale family. Read more about this château on my page:

The Épernon Châteaux


GASTON II DE FOIX, comte de Foix, Benauges et Candale, vicomte de Castillon, Captal de Buch, baron de Doazit, seigneur de Beaujeu, and Lieutenant-Général in Guyenne under Pierre de Bourbon. He was born about 1441.

He married (1) in 1469, his cousin, CATHERINE DE FOIX, Infante de Navarre. She was born after 1460, the daughter de Gaston IV, comte de Foix, and Léonor I de Aragon, Queen of Navarre. Catherine died in 1491.

After her death, Gaston II married (2) on 30 January 1494, Isabelle d’Albret, the daughter of Alain, Sire d’Albret, comte de Gavre, de Périgord et de Castres (d. at Château de Casteljaloux in Oct 1522) and Françoise, comtesse de Périgord and de Blois dit de Bretagne.


  1. GASTON III OF FOIX. He married on 21 May 1505 MARTHE D’ASTARAC.

  2. Jean de Foix, Archbishop of Bordeaux.

  3. Pierre de Foix, Baron de Langon, Seigneur du Pont.

  4. Anne de Foix was known as the "Angel of Hungary". Anne was born in 1484, a daughter of Gaston II de Foix, count of Candale and Benagues, and Catherine de Foix, Infanta of Navarre. On 6 October 1502 in Buda, Anne became the 3d wife of Wladislaw Jagiello, king of Hungary and Bohemia. Of their two children, Anna and Lajos, only Anna would have children. "The Angel of Hungary" died on 26 July 1506 in Buda, some three weeks after her son's birth. Lajos’s web page: Lajos (1506-1526).

Gravure, Castle at Benauges (Ariège) France
The Ancient Castle of Benauges: a Foix holding
Benauges (Ariège) Midi-Pyrénées


GASTON III OF FOIX. He married 21 May 1505 MARTHE D’ASTARAC, Baronne d'Aspect, the daughter of Jean III and Marie de Chambes-Montsoreau. Gaston died in 1536. Marthe died after 1550.


  1. Marie de Foix; marr. Guy D’Aydie on 5 Sep 1551; d. after 15 Feb 1598.

  2. Charles de Foix, Comte d’Astarac; d. in 1528 in battle at Napoli.

  3. FRÉDÉRIC DE FOIX, Comte de Candale. He married FRANÇOISE DE LA ROCHEFOUCAULD on 29 Mar 1540.

  4. François de Foix (the uncle of Marguerite de Foix), b. 10 Aug 1512 at Château de Cadillac. Became Bishop of Aire-sur-l'Adour. Died 2 Feb 1594.

    Gravure, Francois de Foix-Candale, Bishop of Aire (1512-1594)      Painting, Francois de Foix-Candale, Bishop of Aire (1512-1594)

  5. Charles de Foix, Seigneur de Villefranche et de Montcassin, b. about 1516. He marr. 1 May 1569, Anne d’Anticamerata. He d. after 1576.


FRÉDÉRIC DE FOIX-CANDALE, comte de Candale, d’Astarac et de Benauges, Captal de Buch. He married on 29 March 1540, at the Château de Verteuil, FRANÇOISE DE LA ROCHEFOUCAULD, the daughter of François II, comte de La Rochefoucauld, and Anne de Polignac. Frédéric de Foix died in August 1571; Françoise died after 25 August 1583.


  1. Jean de Foix-Candale, comte d’Astarac; died young.

  2. HENRI DE FOIX. He married on 12 July 1567, MARIE DE MONTMORENCY.

  3. Charlotte Diane de Foix-Candale. She married, at Gurson, in March 1579, Louis de Foix, vicomte de Meilles, comte de Gurson (b. 1556). Charlotte Diane d. at Bordeaux, 24 May 1587. Her husband d. 29 July 1587.


HENRI DE FOIX, comte de Candale, d'Astarac et Benauges, Captal de Buch, Gouverneur de Bordeaux et du Bordelais, was born in 1540. See Wikipedia article on Henri: Henri de Foix (in French).

He married, on 12 July 1567, MARIE DE MONTMORENCY. She was born about 1540, the daughter of Anne, duc de Montmorency, and Madeleine de Savoie.

Move to the

[not ready yet]

Please help with translation: "Il détint les terres de Cadillac et Benauges, en jouissance, de la part de son oncle François de Foix."

Henri died at Sommières in February of 1572 under a Huguenot attack. Marie died in September of 1649.


  1. MARGUERITE DE FOIX-CANDALE was born in 1567. She married JEAN LOUIS DE NOGARET, duc d’Épernon.

  2. Françoise de Foix-Candale was forced by her elder sister to become a num. She was Abbesse of Sainte-Glossine de Metz from 1600-1603, and known there as Madame de Candale. After Marguerite died, Françoise took legal steps to regain her family possessions. She died in Paris in 1649 (the same year as her mother).

    Please help with translation: "(élevée avec sa soeur jusqu’en 1587, détenue à Angoulême de 1598 à 1590, faite religieuse par force 22/09/1591, en renonçant à tous ses droits contre une pension de 600 écus; Le Roi lui permet de se retirer à Verdun puis au Moncel de 1605 à 1610; résigne son Abbaye en faveur de Louise, Bâtarde de La Valette; abjure enfin pour le protestantisme 12/12/1611; est déboutée de façon inique de toutes ses tentatives de recours contre le duc d’Épernon)."


MARGUERITE DE FOIX-CANDALE, Captaline de Buch, comtesse de Candale, Benauges et Astarac was born in 1567.

She married, at Vincennes, on 23 August 1587, JEAN LOUIS DE NOGARET dit «de La Valette», duc d’Épernon, Pair de France, comte de Montfort et de Candale, marquis de La Valette, Amiral de France. He was born in May of 1554 and died, at Loches, 13 January 1642. Please help with translation: "Tous les titres de cette branche passent aux La Valette sous condition que leur fils aîné relève nom et armes de Foix."

After her father was killed at Sommières in 1572, Marguerite inherited her family's possessions.

She imprisoned her sister, Françoise de Foix-Candale, dit «Madame de Candale» (d. 1649), and forced her to become a nun. One wonders why she did this: to prevent her sister from inheriting possessions? To make sure she didn’t have to provide a handsome dowry for her younger sister?

Marguerite de Foix-Candale died 23 September 1593 at Angoulême.

Move to the


Gravure, Castle at Foix (Ariège), France
Castle at Foix (Ariège), France

The Château de Foix is a castle in the French département of Ariège. An important tourist site, it dominates the town of Foix and was once a Cathar castle. It is listed as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture.

The castle was often besieged (most notably by Simon de Montfort in 1211 and 1212). It resisted assault but was surrendered under diplomatic pressure. It was recovered on the death of Simon de Montfort See more about him in the Wikipedia article: Simon de Montfort (Wikipedia). See also "Resources", below.

It was taken by force only once, in 1486, thanks to treachery during a feud between two branches of the Foix family.

From the 14th century, the Counts of Foix spent less time in the uncomfortable castle, preferring the Governors' Palace (Palais des gouverneurs).

From 1479, the Counts of Foix became Kings of Navarre, and later Kings of France. Henri IV of France, annexed his Pyrrenean territories to France.

The castle was the seat of the governor of the Foix region from the 15th century. As such, the castle continued to ensure the defense of the area, notably during the Wars of Religion. Alone of all the castles in the region, it was exempted from the destruction orders of Richelieu (1632-1638).

Since 1930, the castle has housed the collections of the Ariège departmental museum. Sections on prehistory, Gallo-Roman, and mediaeval archaeology, tell the history of Ariège from ancient times. Currently, the museum is rearranging exhibits to concentrate on the history of the castle site so as to recreate the life of Foix at the time of the Counts.

Castles and Manor Houses: Château-de-Foix (a very good site).


Château de Foix.

Castles and Châteaux of Old Navarre and the Basque Provinces. Chapter 11: "Foix and Its Château". Website of Kellscraft Studio.

County of Foix, France (Wikipedia).

Département de l'Ariège en 1883. Website of "Visites Photographiques" (in French).

Duke of Kendal (Wikipedia).

Foix: A genealogy. Website of Miroslav MAREK.

The Gascon Rolls Project (1317-1468).
The project was established with the aim of making the rolls accessible to researchers. It is a collaborative project between the Universities of Oxford and Liverpool, and the Centre for the Computing in the Humanities at King’s College, University of London , and is funded by a large grant from the Arts and Humanities Research Council. The aims of the project are ambitious, and are to provide a full calendar (summary translation) edition of all the unpublished rolls – C 61/32–144 (1317-1468). The edition will initially be provided as an online resource only. It will be available alongside high quality digital images of the original rolls provided by The National Archives (TNA). There will also be extensive indexes which will be fully searchable and a full historical introduction which will make the edition an invaluable resource for scholars. See, in particular, see Gascon Roll for the 13th and 14th years of the reign of Edward II: C61/33 document.

Gaston II de Foix. Database by Leo van de Pas.

Généalogie des comtes de Foix-Candale (Wikipedia).

Jean de Grailly, Captal de Buche, Count of Bigorre 1331-1376. The Medieval Combat Society.

Marguerite de Foix-Candale and the Captals de Buch: Lineage. PDF file: Racine Histoire (in French).


On Jean de Greilly. Calendar of the Patent Rolls, Preserved in the Public Record Office: Edward I (AD 1272-1281) (London: Eyre and Spottiswoode, 1901) Membrane 4, Oct. 1, Rhuddlan, pp. 230ff.

Beltz, George. Memorials of the Most Noble Order of the Garter From its Foundation to the Present time. Kessinger Publishing.

Martin, Georges. Histoire de Genealogie de la Maison de La Rochefoucauld, La Ricamerie (1975).

Nicolle, David, and Graham Turner. Poitiers 1356: The Capture of a King. Osprey Publishing, 2004.

Turnbull, Stephen. The Book of the Medieval Knight. London: Arms and Armour Press, 1985.

Wagner, John A. Encyclopedia of the Hundred Years War. Greenwood Publishing Group, 2006.

Click your Back button to return
to the page you just left to get here.

Graphic, burning candle
This candle was lit on September 11th, 2001, in memory of
those who perished at the hands of terrorists.
Keep it burning for our children.

This website was begun on Geocities. This logo was designed
by Nanny's Victorian Graphics - no longer on the internet.